This study investigated the effect of leadership styles on job performance of library personnel in university libraries in Oyo State. Descriptive survey research was deployed for the study. The population of the study consisted of 164 library personnel in universities in Oyo State. An adapted questionnaire was used as the instrument of data collection. The data collected were analyzed through both descriptive and inferential statistics. Linear and multiple regressions were used for hypotheses testing at a 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed the various types of leadership styles (transformational, transactional, laissez-faire) were adopted in university libraries in Oyo State, Nigeria (X?=2.78). More so, the results of the hypothesis tested revealed that there is a significant influence of leadership styles on job performance of library personnel among universities in Oyo State; even as leadership styles have joint influence on the level of job performance but at a low rate. It was recommended that transformational and transactional leadership practices should be instilled in the course of trainings of the library personnel to enhance the level of their job performance.
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